Are Sunrooms Insulated?
Sunrooms are built in a variety of designs, some are insulated and some aren’t. Four-season sunrooms are designed for all four seasons, so they include heat and insulation. But three-season rooms aren’t heated and may or may not contain insulation.
Whether or not to include insulation in a sunroom largely depends on its intended use and the local climate.
Three-season sunrooms are typically used during Spring, Summer, and Fall. Because they’re not intended for Winter use, they’re usually not as heavily insulated as other types of sunrooms. On the other hand, four-season sunrooms are built for year-round use and are well-insulated to handle both hot and cold effectively.
Homeowners should consider their regional climate and intended use of the space when deciding on the level of insulation required for their sunroom.
Some sunrooms are built on top of existing patios, called patio enclosures, or converted out of an existing porch, called porch conversions. These types of sunrooms are more difficult to insulate because some of the room is already built. But you should try and add as much as you can.
All glass sunrooms, called conservatories, greenhouses, and solariums, don’t have framed walls or a roof to add insulation. But you can still use insulated frames and glass to provide some R-value to the room.
I’ve been a NJ Sunroom Contractor for over 25 years and can tell you firsthand that insulated sunrooms perform better than non-insulated rooms. This is true in all seasons. Insulation not only helps keep a room warm in Winter, it also helps keep it cool in Summer. So I highly recommend including insulation in your sunroom build. Even if you can’t use it in the walls, floor, and ceiling, use the most energy-efficient glass and frames possible.
Sunrooms Should Be Insulated
All sunrooms should be insulated, even if you don’t use them in the Winter. It’s a common misconception that insulation is only necessary when it’s cold outside. Insulation not only helps keep a room warm in Winter, but it also keeps it cool in Summer.
Insulation regulates the internal temperature of a room. This is true in all four seasons. So it’s very important to insulate your sunroom to avoid extreme heat and cold.
Sunrooms are designed to let in lots of natural light. Along with all that light comes heat, which is why sunrooms can quickly become the most uncomfortable part of the house. Insulation helps regulate and control that heat so the room temperature becomes steady and comfortable.
You should use energy-efficient windows and doors to properly insulate a sunroom. Because a sunroom uses so much glass, it’s extremely important to use glass that provides as much R-value and UV protection as possible.
Pay attention to the R-values of your frames. Higher-end windows and doors have insulated frames that can make a big difference because of how much glass is used in the room.
Make sure to insulate all wall, floor, and ceiling cavities with as much insulation as possible. Since the walls and ceilings of a sunroom have so much glass, you need to use your cavity space as effectively as possible.
Ways To Insulate A Sunroom
Because sunrooms use so much glass, it’s a great place to start insulating the room. Make sure all your glass windows and doors are energy-efficient and use insulated frames to add as much R-value as possible.
A single pane window only has an R-value of 1, a double pane window has an R-value of between 2 and 3.8, and a triple pane window has an R-value of 7 to 8. This may not sound like a big difference but it is in a sunroom.
I recommend using windows that have some UV protection to prevent the interior of your room from fading. All that direct sunlight can have a negative effect on whatever it shines on for extended periods.
- Double-glazed or triple-pane windows are a great way to add insulation to a sunroom and they also provide added security and soundproofing.
- Tinting your windows can also be a big benefit. Tinting can help block UV rays and reduce the temperature of your space. The tint of the windows also offers an added level of privacy from neighbors.
One of the most common causes of heat loss in indoor spaces is unsealed doors and windows. Make sure to seal all your window and door frames with caulk, tape, or spray foam insulation.
Insulate your wall, floor, and ceiling cavities with as much batt or spray foam insulation as possible. Because the room has so much glass, also called glazing, I over-insulate the cavities to compensate.
How Much Insulation Do Sunrooms Require?
How much insulation a sunroom needs depends on how you intend to use it. If you’re building a three-season room, patio enclosure, solarium, or greenhouse, it doesn’t need any insulation by code. However, I recommend using as much as possible for your comfort.
Sunrooms only need insulation if they’ll be used as living space and counted towards your home’s square footage. This is often called a four-seasons room.
I recommend using R-13 to R-23 in the walls and either R-30 to R-49 in the ceilings and floor. A single pane window only has an R-value of 1, a double pane window has an R-value of between 2 and 3.8, and a triple pane window has an R-value of 7 to 8.
I recommend using at least double-pane windows in a sunroom with an insulated frame.
Insulation doesn’t just keep the room warmer in Winter, it also keeps it cooler in Summer and helps maintain a more stable and comfortable temperature. This can save on heating and cooling costs if you use a heater or AC.
How Much Does It Cost To Insulate A Sunroom?
The cost to insulate a sunroom depends on how much wall, floor, and ceiling cavity space there is to insulate, the R-value of your insulation, and the type of insulation you use. On average, a 300 sq. ft. sunroom costs around $1,500 to $3,000 to insulate to code with batt insulation. If you want spray foam, it’s about double the cost.
Because of all the glass used in a sunroom, some of the insulation is provided by the windows and doors. This is where insulation can get expensive.
A single pane window only has an R-value of 1, a double pane window has an R-value of between 2 and 3.8, and a triple pane window has an R-value of 7 to 8.
Double pane glass is about 4 to 5 times more expensive than single pane glass.
While double-pane windows require a larger upfront investment, I recommend them because they provide much better insulation. Double pane windows can reduce energy usage by as much as 24% in cold climates during the winter and up to 18% in warm climates in the summer compared to single pane windows. This energy efficiency can lead to cost savings in the long run, offsetting the initial higher cost of double-pane windows.
Triple pane glass is about 2 to 3 times as expensive as double pane glass.
Triple pane glass is the most expensive option, but it’s about 25% more energy efficient than double pane glass, which can save significantly on long-term expenses.
Insulated frames add about 10% to 20% to the cost of each window and door. While this adds to the upfront cost, it’s worth it long term because you’ll save on heating and cooling costs.
Do Sunrooms Get Cold in Winter?
Sunrooms are primarily designed to allow in lots of natural light and offer views of the outdoors. Whether or not they get cold in Winter depends on how much insulation the rooms have, the R-value of the glass, how well it’s built, and if it has heat.
In winter, sunrooms can get cold if they’re not adequately insulated or equipped with heating. The large glass areas in sunrooms can lead to heat loss, making the space chillier compared to other parts of the home. However, with proper insulation, efficient windows, and appropriate heating methods, it’s possible to maintain a comfortable temperature in a sunroom during the colder months.
How To Keep a Sunroom Warm in Winter
The best way to keep a sunroom warm in Winter is by using a heater. This is most effective when the room is also insulated, free of drafts, and the glass has adequate R-values.
To keep a sunroom warm in winter, consider the following tips:
- Insulation: Make sure the sunroom is well-insulated, especially in the floors, walls, and ceiling. Proper insulation reduces heat loss and helps maintain a comfortable temperature.
- Efficient Windows: Opt for double or triple-pane windows, which offer better insulation than single-pane windows. These windows reduce heat transfer, keeping the cold out and the warmth in.
- Weatherstripping: Seal any gaps or cracks in the windows and doors with weatherstripping to prevent drafts and heat loss.
- Heating Solutions: Introduce portable heaters or extend your home’s heating system into the sunroom. Radiant floor heating can also be an effective solution.
- Thermal Curtains or Blinds: Use thermal curtains or blinds to retain heat during the night and on particularly cold days. These can be opened during sunny winter days to allow natural sunlight to warm the room.
- Ceiling Fans: If the sunroom has ceiling fans, run them in reverse (clockwise) at a low speed. This pushes warm air, which naturally rises, back down into the room.
- Rugs and Carpets: Adding rugs or carpets can provide an extra layer of insulation on the floor, making the space feel warmer underfoot.
- Plants: Some plants can act as natural insulators. Incorporating them can not only add warmth but also enhance the room’s aesthetics.
By implementing these strategies, you can enjoy a cozy and warm sunroom even during the colder winter months.
Are Sunrooms Temperature Controlled?
Sunrooms are primarily designed to allow in ample natural light and provide views of the outdoors. But they’re not inherently temperature-controlled like other parts of a home unless you want a four-season room.
Their temperature can fluctuate based on external weather conditions, especially if they’re primarily built out of glass. However, the temperature inside a sunroom can be regulated if you take certain steps.
- Install insulation in the walls, floors, and ceiling to significantly reduce heat transfer.
- Using double or triple-pane windows offers better insulation than single-pane glass, helping to maintain a desired temperature.
- Seal any gaps or cracks with weatherstripping can prevent drafts.
- Incorporating thermal curtains or blinds can also help in retaining heat during colder months and reflect heat during warmer months.
For active temperature control, homeowners can extend their home’s HVAC system into the sunroom or use portable heaters or air conditioners. But I only recommend doing this if you also use insulation, otherwise heating and cooling a sunroom will be extremely expensive.
By using these methods, a sunroom can be temperature controlled, making it comfortable year-round.
If you have any questions or comments email or leave a comment down below.
John Mazzuca | About | More Posts |
Custom Home Builder
John Mazzuca is a custom home designer and builder at Gambrick with over 25 years experience in the construction industry. John has designed, built and/or remodeled hundreds of homes, small buildings, and commercial projects. He writes about business, real estate, home building, and household electronics. His work has been featured in Fox Business, Better Homes & Garden, House Beautiful, and more.